Laws and regulations
When setting up and operating a lubricant storage facility, the following laws and regulations usually come into play:
- WHG = Wasserhaushaltsgesetz (Water Resources Law)
- VAwS = Verordnung über Anlagen zum Umgang mit wassergefährdenden Stoffen (Ordinance on Installations for Handling Substances Hazardous to Water)
- GefStoffV = Gefahrstoffverordnung (Ordinance on Hazardous Substances)
- VbF = Verordnung brennbarer Flüssigkeiten (Ordinance on Flammable Liquids
- BetrSichV = Betriebssicherheitsverordnung Unfallverhütungsvorschrift BGV (Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health BGV accident prevention regulation)
- B1KrW/AfG = Kreislaufwirtschafts- und Abfallgesetz ( Closed Substance Cycle Waste Management Act)
- AöV = Altölverordnung (Ordinance on Waste Oils)
The majority of lubricants have a flash point > 100 °C and are therefore not assigned to any hazard class according to the VbF (Ordinance on Flammable Liquids). Special precautions must be taken when storing fuels, combustibles, solvents and/or waste oil of unknown origin. The VbF distinguishes between the following classes:
- A I - flash point < 21 °C
- A II - flash point 21-55 °C
- A III - flash point 55-100 °C.
The Water Resources Act (WHG) gives the highest priority to the protection of our waters. The classification into water hazard classes according to VwVwS provides indications for measures to be taken after damage has occurred and describes safety precautions for the protection of waters when storing, filling, handling and transporting substances hazardous to water. The water hazard classes (WGK) 1 to 3 are distinguished:
- WGK 1: slightly hazardous to water
- WGK 2: hazardous to water
- WGK 3: highly hazardous to water
Almost all lubricants and operating fluids correspond to a WGK 1 or 2, heating oil and diesel to WGK 2, gasoline and waste oils to WGK 3. The specific water hazard class of a product is indicated in its safety data sheet.
Depending on the quantity and water hazard class, structural measures are necessary
For the storage of small containers up to 20 l capacity, an oil-resistant floor with roofing or a closed room is always required. For 60 l or 200 l barrels and all containers with a content of more than 20 l, a second safety level is required. A drip pan must be provided and tanks may only be installed in a double-walled design or in a special containment room. If tanks are poorly visible, a leak detection device must be installed.